Our last trip to Taiwan and China was in 2019. Given the somewhat extreme media headlines, we expected things to have changed materially, however that wasn’t the case. There seems to be a disconnect between how life is portrayed in the media and what we experienced. Despite the long Covid lockdown, it is still a vibrant, digitized economy with much optimism.
Small country, big tech success
Even though Taiwan is a tiny island with a small population and very little in the way of natural resources, the country is a success story. The people and entrepreneurs have led Taiwan forward over the last couple of decades with a heavy focus on technology.
Taiwan has carved out an area for itself in the tech industry with the Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) at the center of it. The company has become incredibly strategic and is a global leader in the semiconductor industry. TSMC is a big part of an ecosystem that’s critical to global supply chains.
It’s evident that having a geopolitically diverse supply chain is becoming increasingly important. TSMC is building in Arizona, Japan and now Europe. This will provide customers some flexibility in terms of where chips are manufactured. This year TSMC will be delivering 3-nanometer1 technology and in 2025, all being well, it will deliver 2-nanometer technology. These advancements should help the company stay technologically relevant and ahead of its peers.
Supply chains and geopolitics
The world is on a clear path to derisking supply chains, but it’s likely to be a decades-long process. It’s difficult to image anything that’s going to derail that trend. Chinese companies are well aware of this movement and are working towards that, too.
At the company meetings we had, the derisking of supply chains was obviously not news to them. There is a geopolitical consideration forcing their hands in many ways.
We’re starting to see global companies invest in areas like India and other parts of south-east Asia and Mexico. The extended lockdowns in China have made these companies aware that there was an over-concentration of their supply chain in China. We’ve already seen TSMC commit to building overseas capacity and Foxconn building capacity in India, for example, but it will be incredibly difficult to recalibrate supply chains overnight. It’s going to be challenging for many of these companies to quickly duplicate the value-add in terms of manufacturing output, efficiency, and flexibility that has been built over the last 30 years.
Pockets of economic strength
There are certain aspects of the economy that are doing well in China, such as renewables and electric vehicles (EV). If you look at the EV penetration in China, it’s about 30 to 35%. We met with the Tesla of China, NIO, which has established a network of charging stations across the country. We view this as a great example of where China is leading the rest of the world.
We also visited Hang Lung’s major mall in Shanghai, Plaza 66. The last time we were there, around five years ago, it was very quiet. However, sales were high thanks to ultra-VIPs doing discreet shopping. During this trip we were surprised by how lively the mall was. Speaking to the leasing manager there, she confirmed the customer base is now younger and remains highly engaged in luxury fashion.
China’s economy, however, is not firing on all cylinders with youth unemployment and real estate woes among the country’s challenges. The government is wary of stimulating the economy only to create another bubble and then suffer the consequences. This is a government that’s willing to take pain for a long time, even if it means slower economic growth, to get the outcome it wants.
Overall, we learned there is a huge amount of value-add being generated in corporate China. Companies like Cathay Biotech and battery materials company Putailai are great examples of not just great Chinese companies, but emerging global leaders in their respective fields. The idea that China doesn’t have a role to play in the future is too black and white. We believe China is a manufacturing powerhouse that isn’t going away nor is Taiwan’s electronic prowess.
1. A nanometer is the measurement used to describe the scale of the lines that form the transistors in a semiconductor chip.
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